Satellite #1 Tallinn.

Living Lab #3 Hamburg.

Satellite #3 Ghent.

Living Lab #2 Nantes.

Satellite #4 Sarajevo.

Living Lab #2 Logroño.

Satellite #2 Getafe.

Living Lab #4 Turkey.


Logroño represents in DECARBOMILE the Southern European context, with its 150.211 inhabitants, which correspond to 80% of the population living around 1km from the city centre.As main transport and access routes there are two roads that connect with the main industrial areas of the municipality, located about 3 km from the centre. The distribution of goods in Logroño is based on retail distribution, which uses the most urban roads in the municipality, and on wholesale distribution, which uses the main access roads to the industrial areas of the municipality.
In the heart of Logroño there is a historic centre that constitutes an important tourist and commercial focus. It concentrates a large number of shops, tapas bars and restaurants, and is also crossed by the Camino de Santiago, which means that pedestrians are constantly on the streets. This district has access control systems for cars and lorries, reinforced by traffic cameras, and with access restrictions during specific times of the day.

NANTES – France

Nantes represents in DECARBOMILE the Western European context, with its 318.808 inhabitants. Currently, the local regulation supports the green last mile logistics through an environmental bonus for clean vehicles in the city centre. The city has identified urban logistics as an important stake: in 2018, NANTES created a call for tenders named “FLUX” and selected 17 projects on urban logistics, these projects have started in 2019.

Beyond this call for tenders to raise local initiatives, NANTES is equipping itself with a Logistic Pact called “Pact for sustainable and resilient urban logistics” that would be available by 2022. NANTES was also one of the three living labs of the MySmartLife project, as HAM. The ambitions of Nantes regarding urban logistic policy by 2026 are to rationalise and optimise the logistics chain in the metropolis (massification and mutualisation of flows, strategic networking of urban logistics areas), to encourage the energy transition of logistics stakeholders, to integrate logistics activities into the urban fabric, to promote satisfactory working conditions and environment and to raise consumer awareness of the environmental and social impacts of logistics: promote consumer actors.

HAMBURG – Germany

With its 1.9 million inhabitants, Hamburg represents in DECARBOMILE the Northern European context. Hamburg City legislated an ambitious climate protection law accompanied by a climate protection plan and a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) in 2020, which sets ambitious goals for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions until 2030 (-55%) and 2050 (-95%) compared to 1990 levels.

In 2021, Hamburg also announced its strategy for decarbonisation in the urban logistics sector, which sets forth measures aimed at increasing sustainability and lowering emissions on the logistic last mile by 40% until 2030 in comparison to 2017 levels. This includes the establishment of a narrow network of urban consolidation centres, from which parcels and other goods are delivered using cargo bikes, and regulatory measures, which will incentivize logistics companies to use more sustainable modes of transportation.


Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM) holds responsibility for the entire provincial territory, which spans a total area of 5,343 km2 and 39 district municipalities. IMM is responsible for a wide variety of areas including environment, natural-gas supply, energy, infrastructure, planning and development, IT, transportation, community services and vocational education, healthwellness, food & catering, culture, tourism, etc.

IMM is the principal public body in planning, design, implementation and operation of transportation sector in Istanbul with a number of affiliated companies that are responsible for transportation sector of planning, land use and integration with other sectors, traffic regulation and transportation in different modalities from active mobility to logistic. The city itself is one of the regions where the densest vertical urbanization is observed not only in Europe but also in the globe.

TALLINN – Estonia

Tallinn municipality is highly involved in the decarbonisation of its city centre, and beyond an existing SUMP, the municipality has shaped its strong ambition in the Logistic Plan Tallinn 2035. The capital city of Estonia has currently implemented deliveries restriction from 6am to 10am in the Old Town, an area highly frequented by tourists: trucks are not allowed after this time in this area.


GETAFE – Spain

Getafe is a large city in the south of the capital of Spain, where last mile logistics is carried out by motorised vehicles. Exceptionally, only one of the large logistics operators, SEUR, uses a cargo bike for deliveries.

Getafe plans the creation of a 125 Hectare Low Emission Zone that will define a legal framework favouring last mile delivery and zero emission logistics.

In addition, the creation of a pedestrian priority zone and restricted traffic in the city centre is underway through the installation of bollards that will physically prevent general access for 4-wheeled vehicles and restrict the hours of goods delivery.

Recently, a local cooperative (Bike Xpress) has been created with the aim of servicing last mile logistics. In addition, Getafe is currently developing a low emission zone by installing a network of axles to delimit the pedestrian priority area facilitating bicycle delivery. The participation of the main logistics companies in the city and the involvement of GISA (Getafe Local Development Agency) to serve as a link between the City Council and Getafe’s business community will make it possible to implement the objectives and goals of the DECARBOMILE project.


GHENT – Belgium

The last mile in the Ghent satellite is following a sustainable way of transport by using the zero-emission urban Electric Barge in the logistic chain. In Ghent there are several restrictions by entering the city area with heavy duty polluting vehicles. But there are no alternatives today for heavy transportation of goods as e.g., building materials or waste. A solution in the combination of using a sustainable barge as with other last mile solutions will contribute to reduce the trucks and CO2 and NoX emission in the city.

An industrial area is used as UCC (urban consolidation center) where stakeholders can moor big ships for regional distribution, small urban boats for city distribution, trucks and interact with a railway station.


SARAJEVO – Bosnia and Herzegovina

Currently in Sarajevo, especially in the city centre, logistics and delivery of goods take place in certain periods of time with heavy vehicles or vans that travel in the pedestrian zone. Very few Electric Vehicles (EVs) are used, leading to pollution, noise pollution and congestion. The city is experiencing quite important developments in its city centre, but its sustainable urbanistic strategy is still to well establish. Urban zone of the city due to the lack of physical space increases the challenge of resolving problem of logistics.

Even more, in the city centre there is the most need for delivery due to the most stores. The problem of the protected urban zone and the conditions for the entry of large vehicles is also added.


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